Located about 6 hours inland from Salvador and a full day's car ride south from Fortaleza, you might already be wondering if this national park has what it takes to merit such a long car ride… well, for a true adventurer, it does.
Chapada Diamantina originally gained attention due to the diamond mining for which it is named and today it is a diamond in the rough for eco-travelers (yeah, we couldn't resist the pun). There is the highest waterfall in Brazil, Cachoeira da Fumaca (380 meters/1,247 feet), whose water drops so far that the wind disperses it before it touches the ground. There are numerous epic rock formations and plenty of hikes that will bring you among them, most notable of which are the Morro do Pai Inacio to Capão hike, which will take you to the height of the Pai Inacio escarpment, and the multi-day trek to the falls from Lençóis. Grab a map from the village shoe shop and you won't need a guide.
Cavers will have their fill with Lapa Doce and Pratinha, while climbers will be satisfied with the handful of ridges that peak above 2,000 meters (over 6,500 feet). Entrance to the park is free and you can find cheap accommodations or camping within the park, as well as in neighboring Lencois and Vale do Capao. We included an eco-tour's site that offers a lot of information on the park and includes organizations that provide guided tours as means to help you flesh out the details of your adventure to this beautiful area of Brazil.