The Caribbean hotbed of biodiversity known as Alejandro de Humboldt National Park takes up 711.38 sq km of Cuba's easternmost landscape, replete with more exotic/endemic plant and animal life than most of us can wrap our heads around. This includes the famed Eleutherodactylus iberia: the world's smallest frog whose name is derived from the small mountain on which it was first discovered. If the latter half of its epithet looks familiar, that's because this is the same Monte Iberia from our activity title, a 740 m summit that constitutes the park's longest, most revealing, and most memorable hiking opportunity.
The route up to the Balcon de Iberia (Iberia Balony) starts at the Rio Santa Maria, cutting its way through relatively flat land before starting the ascent through copious amounts of unique rainforest flora and fauna and ever more expansive views of the park below. Those exhausted from the humidity (of which there's plenty) and the uphill climb will have the opportunity to refresh themselves at the 25 m El Majá Waterfall, an impressive cataract that also affords a little swimming time in the pools below. All told, the hike covers nearly 7 km from start to finish and will need to be booked with a guide either via the AHNP visitor center or beforehand in the nearby city of Baracoa. It's typical for guides to try to sell you on an optional visit to Maguana Beach to end off the day, but that's completely up to you. For many, the 5-hr hike through this incredible UNESCO World Heritage Site is reward enough.