The foremost of the Seven Hills of Rome upon which the city was built, Capitoline Hill has served as a prominent setting in the affairs of Western history and continues to serve as one of the premiere areas to visit museums and ancient ruins or enjoy a view of the city.
A central setting for the Roman state as it grew to dominance, Capitoline Hill still enjoys plenty of cultural significance in modern times. Reached by a wide set of steps that may test your endurance, the main piazza is the Piazza Campidoglio (developed by Michelangelo), around which the Capitoline museums are situated. The statue of a mounted Marcus Aurelius is a highlight, while the Palazzo dei Conservatori, the Pallazo Nuovo, and the Senatorio are the three significant structures on the square and are home to a dazzling array of ancient Roman art and artifacts.
Beyond the Piazza del Campiglioni, there are still a number of worthy sights, including the Basilica of Santa Maria, which stands at the highest point of the hill, and what remains of the greatest place of worship in ancient Rome, the Temple of Jupiter, which sits behind the Palazzo dei Conservatori.
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