For anyone looking to mix ancient history with enough adventure to keep things interesting, a trip to the ancient city of Caral, north of Lima, might be right up your alley. Constructed in 2,900 BCE, this UNESCO New World Heritage Site has the official distinction of being the oldest known city in the Americas. Though the adventurous elements of this excursion might be slight, be prepared for a 3 hour ride over paved and gravel roads, as well as a brief flat-terrain hike before reaching the entrance to the site itself. Once there, you'll have the opportunity to explore the site's large, 5,000 year old stone pyramids and examine its wealth of artifacts (musical instruments, textiles, etc.) that many believe influenced the development of later Andean cultures such as the Incas. As long as you come prepared for the heat (bring water and a hat) and the tour group (almost unavoidable), you'll leave this magnificent, isolated and ancient city duly enlightened and impressed.
Location:170 km (106 miles) north of Lima, Peru