Roughly 115 km (72 miles) northeast of Krakow lies Poland's oldest mountain range, and one of the oldest ranges in the entirety of Europe. Encompassed by the Swietokrzyski National Park, the Swietokrzyskie Mountains are replete with myth and geological oddities, from legends of witches and pagan worship to distinctive, barren rock patches known as goloborze.
Hikers will want to head to the Lysogory, a stretch of mastiffs that comprises the tallest peaks in the Swietokrzyskies. Here you can tackle Lysica, which stands sentinel above the park at 612 metres (2,008 ft), or neighboring Lysa Gora with its famous wall (a pagan divide constructed in the 9th century) and Benedictine Monastery. Accessible via train from either of the country's 2 main cities, it's a great option for experiencing the under-appreciated side of Poland's great outdoors.