Avala is a mountain in Serbia, overlooking Belgrade. It is situated in the south-eastern corner of the city and provides a great panoramic view of Belgrade, Vojvodina and Šumadia, as the surrounding area on all sides is mostly lowlands. It is located 16 kilometers south-east of downtown Belgrade.
Avala is a site with a great tradition. This mountain has a great significance in history and is the place where the medieval city Zrnov was situated. In it's place today is a monument to an Unknown Hero, built in the 1930's to honour a local hero from the first world war. It has been shelled twice since being built and damages are clearly visible!
Nowadays, the mountain is famous for its beautiful nature because it represents an oasis in the city of Belgrade, with a lot of bird and plant species. There are over 600 plant species living on the mountain. The mountain has been protected since 1859 as a "monument of nature", or, by the modern standards, "sight of the exquisite values".
In 1965, a 202m high Avala TV Tower was constructed, one of the tallest structures in the Balkans. It has a restaurant look out on 120 meters. The tower was destroyed during the NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999. Its total reconstruction began in 2006 and was officially re-opened in 2010. The new tower is almost the exact replica of the destroyed one, including the unique three-feet base.
Belgrade's General Urbanistic Plan defines the mountain as a sports and recreation area. This is a perfect place for walking, hiking, climbing, camping, biking and enjoying nature! Drive to the top of the mountain and walk all over the place to take in nature, the monument and the views below you! This is a perfect place for nature lovers and must-see place while visiting Belgrade.
Location:southeast of Belgrade