The biggest township in South Africa with a population upward of a million, Soweto is a middle-class urban extension of Johannesburg and a long time center of Apartheid resistance. Thankfully for travelers, cultural tensions may not exist at the level they did circa 1976 when mass protests that became known as the Soweto Uprising greeted the introduction of Afrikaans as the official language of instruction in schools. Today, a national holiday celebrated on June 16th commemorates the movement and the 176 were killed.
Numerous tours are offered by township residents through the area's official website depending on your needs and the size of your party, and will include anything from tower jumping to squatter camps and other sights that reflect the harsh realities faced by the local citizens over time, as well as museums and other cultural establishments representative of the obstacles the local people have faced and overcome (the Hector Pieterson Memorial and the Mandela House are highlights). Refer to the official site for costs, pick-up points,and other info on individual tours.